Humanity has evolved from a beast to a human, from mere a hunter to an explorer, who has ability to use mind for reason. This reason has led mankind to get to the secrets of not only this blue planet but the universe. The 21st century has marked the apex of advancements. This century has made life of humans so easy that has never been before. The technological advancement that we are witnessing today has shown us directionality. It has elevated our status of being human.
In such innovative times it is important to note that where do we, being the very resident of this universe, stand. Disappointment catches the mind knowing that Pakistan was ranked at 131 out of 141 countries in the 2015 report of the Global Innovation Index — which explores the impact of innovation-oriented policies on economic growth and development. One of the reasons of such backwardness is our internal insecurities of being a nation. We have not yet got out of fulfillment of our basic necessities. Consider that if 40%of a country’s population is earning their life below the poverty-line in which the people are deprived of basic necessities of life such as clothing, shelter, food, education and medication, such families and their children will be forced to think of their survival only, what else can be expected than being at threshold.
The Ministry of Science and Technology, upon inquiry from the National Assembly, stated in a report that the reasons for the country's poor ranking include:
According to a scrutiny organize and carry out by the government of Pakistan that shows that the poverty has increased approximately from 30% to 40% during the last decade, which is keeping our young generation from becoming creative minds which could actually turn into intellect. Whereas, technologically advanced nations invest in their youth considering them to be the vital future of their country. Studies suggest that when a child experiences science-related courses early in life, he or she is found to be encouraged to ask questions, think more critically, experiment, develop his/her reasoning skills, read and write. Children become better problem solvers and even experience a raise in their IQ when they are taught principles of logic, hypothesis testing and other methods of reasoning. These dimensions are all tackled in science practices. But what to say about a nation where 5.5 million children are out of schools. What type of critical thinking would they be creating? Under these circumstances, improving Pakistan's ranking on the innovation list is analogous to a fairytale coming true.
Healthcare is significantly affected by technological advancements, as technology both shapes and changes health information systems. There are a number of technological advancements which have contributed to lessen the mortality rate around the globe.
Pakistan is facing a health crisis with rising rates of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which disproportionately affect poor families, with possible side effects of disability and premature death, and worsening poverty as people pay for medical treatment out of their own pockets. With the help of Gene Therapy 2.0 scientists have solved fundamental problems that were holding back cures for rare hereditary disorders. Next they will see if the same approach can take on cancer, heart disease, and other common illnesses.
The report, "Ending Newborn Deaths," said in 2012 Pakistan had the highest rate of first day deaths and stillbirths at 40.7 per 1,000 births. One of many reasons for such high mortality rate can be identified as the unapproachability to hospitals in the remote areas of Pakistan. Many patients lose their lives on the way to hospitals. An important technology is the use of video conferencing, that allows clinicians/surgeons and physicians to interact with a distant patients due to time factor in a real time, and distance, give his/her expert advice and even interact with the patient. The video conferencing also help the physician to interact with different experts at the same time and make a decision.
Scientists are making remarkable progress at using brain implants to restore the freedom of movement that spinal cord injuries take away.
There is "water, water everywhere, but not a drop to drink" due to contamination from pollution or other environmental issues. Due to usage of Dirty water as drinking water Hepatitis B, C and D is spreading in society very fast from last few years which is increasing deaths. The Lifestraw is a small cigar-shaped tube packed with some truly innovative engineering. This clever design purifies water from potential pathogens like typhoid, cholera, dysentery and diarrhea – all before they reach your lips. The Lifestraw is an inexpensive way to deliver potable water to those in need, and it is considered an icon of humanitarian product design.
Agricultural sector is the backbone of our economy. But the growth of agriculture in Pakistan is facing numerous problems. Due to various causes per acre yield is very low as compared to other developed countries. Farmers can get more than double-digit yield and profits by using modern techniques, machinery and certified seeds while cotton growers, in particular, can achieve productivity of 70-80 maunds (40kg) per acre with the help new hybrid seed varieties and latest farm practices. Following are the most recent modern techniques:
Agricultural robots: Also known as agbots, these are used to automate agricultural processes, such as harvesting, fruit picking, ploughing, soil maintenance, weeding, planting, irrigation, etc. Air & soil sensors: Fundamental additions to the automated farm, these sensors would enable a real time understanding of current farm, forest or body of water conditions. Equipment telematics: Allows mechanical devices such as tractors to warn mechanics that a failure is likely to occur soon. Intra-tractor communication can be used as a rudimentary "farm swarm" platform. Livestock biometrics: Collars with GPS, RFID and biometrics can automatically identify and relay vital information about the livestock in real time. Crop sensors: Instead of prescribing field fertilization before application, high-resolution crop sensors inform application equipment of correct amounts needed. Optical sensors or drones are able to identify crop health across the field (for example, by using infra-red light).
Vertical farming is a natural extension of urban agriculture; vertical farms would cultivate plant or animal life within dedicated or mixed-use skyscrapers in urban settings. Using techniques similar to glass houses, vertical farms could augment natural light using energy-efficient lighting. The advantages are numerous, including year-round crop production, protection from weather, support urban food autonomy and reduced transport costs.
Concluding, without the needed technology a lot of people are struggling with their health. Technology can save many innocent lives. Secondly the advanced technology improves industry by making it more effective, and what is vital today, safer for environment. Thus, the speed of improvement is huge and unpredictable. Technological advancements have shown a substantial growth concerned with each and every field whether it be the communication systems, astronomy, semiconductor devices, automobiles, and electronic devices of daily usage, bio-electronic devices, building and architectural design techniques or the computers. So in order to run with the pace of this technologically advanced world Pakistan needs to invest more in Science and Technology and must take initiative to call foreign researchers and scientists here to contribute to the technological advancement of Pakistan.